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My Worm Composting Story To Date: The Somewhat Abbreviated Version

It All Began With a Simple Search Using Google and YouTube

When I started vermicomposting (composting using worms) I was uneducated on the topic and honestly completely clueless as to what I was doing.  I was researching indoor/outdoor gardening how-to’s when I came across some YouTube videos on worm composting as a supplement to organic gardening methods.  I was enthralled but left with lots of questions.  How had I never heard of this?  This sounds kind of gross.  What weirdos bring pounds and pounds of worms into their house?  How could this benefit me?  I ended up watching these videos for hours (I don’t even want to admit how many) and I figured if I wanted the healthiest plants, composting seemed like a good way to go.  Why start a garden and use chemical fertilizers to make the plants grow?  That can’t be healthy and quite honestly my health wasn’t the greatest.  I wanted to go organic, no excuses.

I purchased a commercial system, the Worm Factory 360 and 1,000 red wiggler composting worms the very same day.  Next thing you know, I had worms in a bin with some peat moss and watermelon.  I was squeamish to touch them but oddly enthralled.  I was poking in multiple times a day and I was so amazed at how these guys could smash through food quicker than a football player at a buffet.  I soon came to realize that I had way more scraps than my worms could handle.  It was summer, I was eating a diet very high in fruits and vegetables and I had a backlog of food piling up in my freezer that I just couldn’t justify throwing away anymore.

I went back down the rabbit-hole of YouTube and researched making a DIY worm bin using a Rubbermaid tote.  I swear it seemed like overnight, my small Worm Factory turned into an arsenal of systems.  Saying I was hooked would be an understatement.  I was diligent in my research although I was still convinced I was going to kill these worms and it would have all been for nothing.  I lacked confidence despite how well things were going.  That fateful day of quitting never came…

How My Goals Shifted to Even Bigger Things

October of 2017 I decided to start a YouTube channel of my own.  I was so obsessed with watching and learning from these “experienced pros” and I was running out of content. So I decided to make my own.  I had a huge learning curve, not only with YouTubing, but with my hobby that was just beginning to truly take off.  I ran into many roadblocks, made lots of mistakes, discovered that more than just worms live in compost and my eyes were opening to just how much I still had to learn.

To this day (over 2 years later) I still feel amateur.  I still feel like I am clueless at times.  I experiment on anything and everything I can think of.  Worms are cool and I like to share just how amazing these little workers can be.  To date I have only bought worms on 4 occasions.  When I started, when I expanded to European Night Crawlers, when I decided to add African Night Crawlers to the mix and when I realized my “red wiggler” purchase had actually been blue worms and I just had to get the “real deal” reds.  I think my total investment to date is roughly $400 but in retrospect, it could have been 100% free and a lot of that cost was for larger commercial systems that are totally unnecessary if they aren’t within your budget.  I don’t feel bad about that investment at all however because it was the most amazing investment I ever made.  That being said, I have also been able to help four local gardeners start their own worm bins by giving away worms when I can, so being able to reduce the startup cost for others is pretty cool payback as well.

The Amazing Community of Worm Nerds and Growing the Interest to Others

Even on vacation, I am always reading and researching new and cool worm stuff.

Since starting my YouTube Channel I have found a community unlike any other.  The people who do this “weird” hobby are some of the kindest, most generous and helpful people around.  I have never felt like any question I had is dumb.  I have always gotten amazing feedback from others, I have connected with people who make commercial systems, sell worms, write blogs and/or just do this for fun.  I have been humbled by the support I am getting and the kind words coming from even the biggest gurus in the worm world.  I am often told that my opinion gives a fresh face to a hobby that is somewhat obscure and misunderstood.  How cool is that?  Those comments, those people who thank me for helping them make it all the more rewarding.

All the fluffy fun aside, I can honestly say that many people don’t get it (I am working on them though).  I oftentimes hesitate to discuss my hobby for fear of judgment.  I am happy to report that no one to date has actually been critical in any way whatsoever.  When I get the courage to bring up my hobby in casual conversation I am always shocked at how receptive people are.  People are supportive and curious and that is more than I could ever hope for.

I was at an acupuncture appointment the other night and my acupuncturist is well abreast of my worm hobby but she has taken an apprentice under her wings.  My acupuncturist casually asked “how are the worms” and thus a long conversation ensued as her apprentice had never heard of vermicomposting.  I can proudly admit that I had diarrhea of the mouth.  I was spewing my excitement and knowledge about worms and super happy to answer all of her questions.  I felt a little silly because it sounded like I was talking about my pets (well they sort of are…) but the biggest reward for me was when we were leaving the office (I was the last appointment of the day) her apprentice said she totally wants to research worm composting further.  She was amazed when I said that I have fed as much as 16 pounds of food waste in a single week.

My biggest eaters: the African Night Crawlers.

I had a “worm nerd” moment, no shame.  This is the reason I keep doing what I do.  Even people who have not jumped on the bandwagon for whatever reason often contribute their waste to me or learn something from our interactions.  I have coworkers, family, friends and the local Starbucks to thank for that.  Even if I can’t sell the idea of worm bins to everyone I meet, for each person that I impact I have a strong sense of accomplishment.  My garden thanks me (although I still fail more than succeed with gardening) by giving me healthy plants.  I have pride in reducing my carbon footprint and turning “trash into treasure” and I have built some amazing friendships with people across the world (quite literally) that I would have never met if it hadn’t been for worms.

Start a worm bin and see how much your life changes, perspectives change and your appreciation for our planet flourishes.

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Getting Kids Interested in Worms and Recycling: Make it Fun

I was recently thinking about how much enjoyable it is to see pictures of fellow vermicomposters getting their kids involved with worms.  It warms my heart and gives me hope for the future of our planet.  Believe me, I never envisioned myself to be an avid environmentalist.  I am still far from where I would like to be in my journey to the most sustainable and environmentally-friendly life possible, however my views are evolving and I have a much greater appreciation for how much I CAN have an impact by keeping my waste out of landfills.  That’s information worth sharing.

I see now, that every little bit helps.  It is not about cutting everything out at once, but the little steps.  I feel that I was behind the curve.  I was honestly in a world where I was ignorant to the waste problem in our country.  I was oblivious to the repercussions of big industry, poor water quality, and GMO’s being used in our agriculture.  I was brought up in suburban America, sheltered from the reality of the growing health concerns in our country.  All going back to the health of our planet.

I was raised in a house where we always recycled, but I never really understood why it was so important.  I had a superficial understanding but not nearly to the extent I do now.  I hope that children growing up today will be raised in homes, schools and neighborhoods that make learning about recycling, gardening and treating the planet right a top priority.

Testing the Waters

Lets not lie, I was a bit childish myself when I started worm composting.  I was naïve.   I was scared to no end to handle my worms even with gloves and the bugs flipped me out.  Boys tend to be more “rough-and-tumble” and typically are more open to playing in dirt, running in creeks and playing with bugs.  Girls on the otherhand– if they are anything like me, are little divas (I say that with love).  My entire life I have been afraid of getting dirty, hate bugs and am not a huge outdoorsy person.  I have grown to appreciate it at lot more as I grow up, but some habits never die.

If your kids are into the outdoors, into bugs and open to trying new things this may not be a struggle for you.  I can only imagine what my reaction would have been to playing with worms when I was six or seven.  I cried when I saw my friend eat an ant on a dare when we were ten but that’s a story for another day.  I was spoiled as hell.  I was an expert at dodging gardening work, raking leaves or doing anything that involved dirt and bugs (until the pile of leaves was high and I decided to go destroy the work my parents had put into raking them).

My Dream

I hope that we can get kids back to the outdoors, back to nature and playing outside.  I want them to enjoy the sun, the wildlife and beauty that is all around us.  I grew up playing lighting tag with the neighborhood kids.  I would catch crayfish and salamanders in the creek.  It took me awhile to get there, but I loved it so much: catching all the frogs and toads I could.  We would put them in a little “home” which was a glorified bucket and release them all at the end of the day.

I don’t have any kids yet, but I am surrounded by enough in my family and neighborhood that I think I have a decent grasp on how their little brains work.  Kids soak up knowledge so much better than we do as adults and the habits we begin teaching early, the more they will come to appreciate it and want to continue it in their own lives.

I want as many kids as possible to get to experience worm farming and composting in their homes, schools and neighborhoods.  I hope one day this is a mainstream process and less of a “hobby”.  It is not only a benefit to the earth, but to reducing our carbon footprint and being able to grow healthier plants in our own backyards. It can be something “fun” that is responsible and environmentally conscious at the same time.

Getting Started

Maybe you have worms already or maybe you are on the fence about beginning worm composting.  It can seem overwhelming at first and obviously there is a learning curve, but why not include your kids in the journey?

When I first started my totes, I was psyched about it.  My neighbors Grandson was outside swimming in the pool and came over when I took the worms outside to harvest some castings.  I asked him if he wanted to help.  He was hesitant at first, but I dumped the contents of the bin onto a tarp and starting using the sunlight to harvest.  He sat and watched for a good 15 minutes before saying “can I try?”.  We ended up sitting together outside on the lawn for over an hour “playing” in my compost.

A few weeks after this, I was putting in my first “real” vegetable garden.  I found that my neighbors Grandson was outside again and having dinner with his family.  When they were finished, he ran over and asked to help me plant.  We put in all the plants and in a few months time, he was coming over to grab tomatoes and peppers to eat with his parents.  I felt accomplished, I was able to teach him just a little bit about what I was doing and how you can reap the benefits of harvesting great food with the help of worm castings.

Long story, but one that really touched my heart.  I am sure his grasp of the situation was far less than I told him, but he was into it and continues to come over and ask me about my worms and grab food from the garden.

My Experiment

I think that the Rubbermaids are a great way to raise worms, but clear containers may be a much more efficient way to demonstrate what worms can do with kids.  Even if they don’t want to touch the worms, they can help add food and peek through the clear tote or whatever clear system you choose to use.  Think of it as an ant farm.  Ant farms would be pointless if we didn’t have the clear container to view their tunnels and activity taking the food around the little maze they build.

The Glass Vase Experiment: Watch Here

I just started an experiment using a glass vase.  I layered it with food and bedding.  I covered it with a light towel so when I am not working with it, the worms aren’t annoyed by the light.  When I peek in, I can see the worm activity all through the vase and see the decomposing matter as it turns dark and castings are forming.  A variation of anything similar to this would be an awesome way to show kids how composting works.

As they begin to learn and appreciate what you are doing, I have little doubt that they will be eagerly waiting until the next time they get to feed the worms.  I think that projects like this will help children develop a better understanding of recycling and how they can help make something that can be used in their own yards!  Plant some veggies, a butterfly bush, or some herbs.  Let your children help you and learn the benefits of vermicompost first-hand.

The Takeaway

Let us be honest, kids these days are more interested in their phones, tablets and video games than they are about going outside to play.  That’s fine, but lets get them involved in other activities as well.  The electronic world we live in has really pulled many of us in and we have lost that connection with the environment.

Try something out with your kids, grandchildren, at a school, or even with nieces, nephews or neighbors.  No step is to small.  If we pique just a little interest in worms, we may be surprised at what is possible and how we can shape some new understanding, new appreciation and new participation in helping rid our own environment of requiring ” quick fix” chemical-filled fertilizers.  We can eliminate waste from the already overflowing landfills.  We can get back to a more organic way of growing and a better way to handle our waste.  We can get children out fishing and enjoying what mother nature has to offer.

Tell me how you include kids in your own composting.  What gets them most excited?  I would love to hear your stories.  Follow my experiment on the YouTube channel and lets see if we can spread the fun to as many people as possible.

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I Have to Crap and So Do My Worms: How to Optimize Your Feeding Habits for the Best Vermi-“Poop”

I am willing to bet that anyone who has a worm bin has had (at least) one time where they said, crap that was a bad choice.  Am I wrong here?  I have made many of these mistakes if I am being completely honest with you.  My whole theory and methodology is to experiment and learn through personal experience and this has had me on the wrong side of fate on more than one occasion.  Live and learn, right?

I have overfed my bins, put frozen food into the bin without thawing (yikes) it first and I have added food that was too water rich without adding adequate bedding. That is just naming a few!  These mistakes created quite a few “nightmarish” situations for me.  Think mass exodus, smelly bin, bugs, and flooding out of the bottom of my Worm Factory (stackable tray system).  It is okay though!  With a few principle practices you can nearly eliminate the guess-work on how to feed the worm bin.

Why is This Important?

When feeding your worms, you want to ensure that they will be healthy and able to compost in the most efficient manner.  This will give you the best worm crap that the world has ever seen! That “black gold” is what we all look forward to when we start composting.  That flaky, dark, and nutrient-dense goodness for our gardens.  To get the perfect compost, you need to know how to feed and manage the bin so that you don’t end up with a stinky bin, wet bin or even a sour bin which kill off your worms.  Happy worms make the best vermicompost, mine told me so.  So, let’s break the process down into some key practices that will make life easy and hassle-free!

The 5 Most Important Feeding “Rules” to Get the Most out of Your Worms

I am sure that there are more than 5 methods and practices to make feeding the worm bin as fool-proof as possible but I chose the practices that I personally have tried, experimented with and implemented in my own indoor systems.  I hope that through sharing these with you, perhaps you will see an improvement in your own composting experience and maybe even learn something new along the way.

1. Try the Pocket Feeding Method

Think of your bin as a grid.

I learned early on from a very successful and well-known vermicomposting “guru” (Brian Donaldson) that feeding your bin in sections can be the best way to ensure that you do not overfeed, it allows for areas of the bin to be an “escape route” or “safe haven” if the bin gets too hot, sour or unfavorable to the worms.  This is my interpretation of the process, but be sure to check out Brian’s (The Worm Man) YouTube channel HERE for his explanation of how it all works.

The concept of pocket feeding makes life super easy.  It takes the guesswork out of how much or how often to feed your bins.  The idea is to break your bin or system into sections.  I usually break mine into four, but for larger systems, six might be even better.  Do what works for you!

Take for example a square bin.  Split that into four sections.  You feed one section at a time in a clockwise fashion with a relatively small amount of food (always better to err on the side of underfeeding).  You start in one corner and rotate each week.  The idea is that when you get back to square one (see what I did there?)  no existing food from that first feeding will be left, therefore you know it is okay to start the cycle over again.

By splitting your bins into pockets or sections, you always rotate feeding areas and can easily learn how long it takes your worms to consume a given amount of food.  This allows you to adjust feedings appropriately without the risk of putting too much food waste into the bin at any given time.  I don’t follow this method precisely to Brian’s description but I do feed in sections and monitor my feedings accordingly.

2.  Increase the Surface Area of Your Food Waste Before Feeding the Bin

This sounds fancy and confusing at first, but I assure you it is quite easy.  Microbes begin the breakdown process of food waste well before the worms move in and the more surface area available to them, the faster they can get to work.  Imagine placing a whole banana in the bin.  This will take longer to break down because the microbes have to break through the skin and get to the flesh beneath before the worms can do much of anything with the banana itself.

Imagine the same banana cut into small pieces.  By cutting the banana up, not only is the sweet and fleshy goodness available to the microbes right away, but the amount of surface area they can get to work on is vastly greater because the banana has been processed into smaller pieces.

I have been running experiments on and off testing blended food versus whole food in a worm bin.  Let me tell you, it is immediately apparent that the blended food gets eaten much more quickly.  You can check out my most recent experiment on this topic on my “to blend or not to blend” experiment.  Video one of this playlist can be watched HERE.

3. Use “Grit” to Help the Worms Process Food More Efficiently

Okay, so this isn’t tried and true as far as I know however it is important to have grit regardless.  Worms have a gizzard, much like a chicken.  Even humans need “grit” for proper digestion.  For us humans, grit=fiber.  For worms, grit can be sand, crushed eggshell, or even oyster shell.  This grit allows the food/microbes consumed by the worms to pass through their digestive tract.  The grit helps grind up the food in a sense.  This helps to avoid a potential disaster known as protein poisoning or string-of-pearls disease that kills the worms.

Protein poisoning is usually the result of overfeeding but it is suggested that grit plays a role as well.  If the worms are happily eating away but have no grit to break down the food they struggle to digest it.  This results in the fermentation process in the worms gut which creates a massive amount of gas that the worms can’t excrete.  The result is a worm that looks like it has been cinched off in pieces, much like a pearl necklace.  This can kill a whole bin very quickly, so adding grit makes sense.  Due to this malady, you will hear most vermicomposters are adamant that you should never overfeed (err on the side of caution) and add plenty of bedding and some grit with every feeding.

4. Freeze Your Scraps Before Adding Them to the Bin

This is a practice that isn’t entirely necessary, but serves a few purposes and I have found it to be quite helpful in my own venture.  As I collect my scraps, I put them in large freezer bags and when they are full, I let them freeze for a good day or two before adding them to the bin.

Why the added step?  Let me explain.  When you freeze vegetable and fruit scraps, it breaks open the cell wall of the food and once thawed, it is much more readily available to the worms and microbes within your bin.  Root vegetables are a prime example.  Try putting a potato in the worm bin and see how long it takes to begin decomposing.  It is more likely to sprout and try to grow than it is to decompose.  When you freeze it first, it softens and allows the microbes to get at it more quickly and it won’t go sprouting on you.

I have found that cabbage, broccoli and cauliflower are also nearly impossible to break down (it takes AGES) unless frozen first.  Not in a rush?  No problem, throw it in without freezing.  If you want to speed up the process, pop your scraps in the freezer first so that you don’t go grey waiting for the food to break down.

Another benefit of freezing is the reduction of bugs in the worm bin.  I recently added a pineapple slice to an experimental bin I am running on “forbidden worm bin foods”.  I didn’t freeze the pineapple first because I wanted to get the full effect it would have on my bin.  Checking in on it over the last two weeks I have tons of beetles (itty-bitty ones, but icky nonetheless) and fruit fly larvae.

No one wants to deal with flies or bugs, at least not in large numbers.  Once fruit flies move in, it can be a real pain in the backside to remedy.  Freezing food helps to kill off any fruit fly eggs that may be in the skin of our food waste, thus limiting the chance of an annoying outbreak!

5. Mix Up Your Food Options For the Worms to “Sweeten the Deal”

Okay, so this isn’t 100% necessary either, but it certainly helps.  If you want truly super-charged poop, don’t you want it to be as balanced as possible with multiple available nutrients for the garden?  I find that my worms prefer sweet and water-rich foods more than anything else.  I like to add fruit with almost every feeding because the microbes (and thus the worms as well) go nuts for sweet stuff.  Favorites of my worms include watermelon, cucumber, berries, bananas and oranges… yes, I recognize that citrus is considered a bad food that could acidify your bin or kill the worms, but I have found that in moderation there is absolutely nothing wrong with adding it to the worm diet and they actually enjoy it a lot.  More to come on the “Forbidden Foods” experiment.  Once it is complete, I will share the verdict on some highly controversial worm bin foods.

When feeding my worm bins I always take a look at what foods I have available and try to add a little something to satisfy their sweet-tooth and entice the ecosystem to get to work very quickly.  Keep in mind, if you don’t have anything sweet, that is totally fine however with a well-balanced diet, the castings will be richer and more potent in a wide array of nutrients.

The Takeaway

Implementing all of these methods may not be realistic for everyone.  You may be short on freezer space, you may be limited to certain foods based on your own diet or you may find that chopping the food up fine to create a larger surface area is a bit too time-consuming.  I get it!  This is simply a list of methods that I have tried that have helped my systems work quicker, better and with less problems than some other “standard” feeding methods.

I cannot emphasize enough the importance of not overfeeding.  Keep in mind if you try the chopping/blended method that it is easier to overfeed, so err on the side of caution and add lots of bedding and plenty of grit with every feeding for a good carbon/nitrogen (bedding to food) ratio.  If you try just one or two of these methods, I would love to hear what your experience is.  Happy composting and be sure to optimize that poop!  You will have your worms flying through the waste in no time.

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Another Way To Look at Trash and Waste: Vermicompost That Crap!

Have you ever looked at the United States food waste statistics?  It’s sickening.

When reviewing the *USDA statistics, you will find that 30-40% of our food supply ends up as garbage.  Without widespread recycling or composting programs, a lot of that food ends up in our landfills.  This is a problem that all of us should care about.  I am happy that more and more people are becoming aware of this problem and playing their part in trying to combat it.

The average American wastes over 600 pounds of food per year.  Before you say, “no, not me!” consider all the food you leave on your plate at a restaurant, the amount of chips and salsa, bread, or crackers you leave on the table at restaurant establishments.  Think about that produce that rots on your counter, the leftover food that doesn’t get eaten or that whole bag of spinach that somehow gets lost behind the condiments in the refrigerator.

I have found since starting vermcomposting that my home itself (a household of 2) easily generates 2 pounds of scraps a week and that isn’t even including waste we generate when we eat out OR the the non-compostable items (at least indoors) such as meat or dairy.

It has been eye-opening.  I realize how JUST a small home composting system can in fact make a huge impact.  I am collecting food waste from three friends in addition to my own waste at a rate of 4-8 pounds per week.  That’s up to 416 pounds of waste a year that I am personally keeping out of the landfill.

Did you know that the United States ships a lot of our garbage waste overseas because of the limited space our landfills have left?  This is completely unacceptable.

Let’s look at this from another perspective.  Have you ever been to a Farmer’s Market?  A ballgame?  A buffet?  What do you think happens to all that uneaten or unpurchased food?  It spoils and in many cases is thrown away.

Walking out of a baseball game earlier this week, my friends and I were commenting on how all of the homeless people begging for money outside of the ballpark could benefit greatly from some of the food that will be thrown out after the game.  We can naively think that all of these establishments donate to food kitchens, but lets be real… most of that food will hit a dumpster tonight and those homeless individuals will go to their park benches or tents hungry.

Another conversation I had not that long ago was with a friend who works in a grocery store.  I inquired as to whether or not I could take some produce that was past its prime off of their hands to compost.  Do you know what he said?  Policy doesn’t permit it.  Liability issues demand that they throw it all away.

How can we fix any of this?  I wish I had the power to sway company policies all on my own but I know that isn’t realistic.  So, to all the companies who donate to food kitchens or have waste programs: I commend you!  To those that don’t… I encourage as many people as possible to write to their local grocers and encourage them to reconsider their policies.

After learning all of these things, I have found a side of myself that I didn’t realize I had.  I never considered myself a tree-hugger or environmentalist but I assure you I am reformed in my mindset and priorities.  I no longer have any guilt about produce that turns… I know that it is going to good use.  I now have organically grown vegetables indoors AND out.  I am helping to reduce my carbon footprint.  I am helping HEAL the environment by rebuilding the soil structure on my modest property.  Composting is the coolest thing that I have ever started.  Hands down.

Did you know that a portion of carbon emissions are actually produced by the process of treating our garbage waste?  How?  Well, it takes trucks to haul, it takes water to process, it takes space to store.  Methane gasses are released in this process further harming the environment.

Consider this… if each one of us could get five people to start composting, even a pound a week, that would be 1,825 pounds of waste WE personally helped to save from hitting the garbage.  If I can convince five of you to do that, over 9,000 pounds of waste will stay out of the landfill.  Consider that when you think that small composting projects don’t make an impact.

What’s the benefit of vermicomposting in this equation?

Vermicomposting speeds up the composting process exponentially.  Let’s be honest, how many of us keep up with the lawn-waste compost pile?  To work ideally, you have to keep a very calculated carbon: nitrogen (bedding to food) ratio in order for it to work the way we hope.  The beauty of indoor (or outdoor) vermicomposting is that the worms help the process work much faster.  I create several gallons of compost each month with ease and NO downtime during the winter months.  No measuring my carbon:nitrogen ratios, just listening to my worms based on the health of their bins and it’s pretty darn easy at that.

If I fed my 10 gallon bins aggressively, I could easily handle a pound of food per week.  Due to the multitude of systems that I run, I tend to run fairly conservative on how much I feed, but I know my systems could handle more in most cases.

I challenge each of you to run even a single 10 gallon tote and see how much waste you can keep from hitting the garbage.  I bet once you get started you will be just as addicted as me and be searching out additional food sources to compost before long!  Let’s be a part of the solution.  Let’s lead the revolution… let’s be the change that our environment needs so much!  I hope that my children one day will be able to enjoy a healthy planet, so I will continue to do my part as long as possible!

Some small changes make a huge impact:

1. Save all of your scraps and compost them in whatever method you have available.  Worm composting (vermicomposting), the outdoor compost pile, bokashi, etc.

2. Drink tap water- use a Brita filter or something similar, but avoid buying plastic water bottles on a regular basis.

3. Recycle whatever items possible.  Be it newspapers, plastic bottles, metal cans, or food… do what you can!  No amount is too small.  Reuse glass containers.  Be creative!

4. Buy worms!  My worms are the greatest investment I ever made.  Better yet, find someone local who will sell you sone worms or even give you some to start out… this eliminates the need to utilize the mail system.

5. Bypass the straws, plastic silverware, paper plates and styrofoam. Try buying bamboo silverware to take to work instead of the plastics, use reusable metal or glass tumblers.  Use your own plates, glasses and reusable straws.

6. Grow your own food.  Part of the methane and greenhouse gas emissions are created by the trucks, planes, trains, boats, etc. that transport our food.  Have some space on the side of the house?  A balcony that gets sun?  Try your hand at gardening and bypass the middle-man and know where your food is coming from!

With just a few small changes and creative ways to utilize your waste, you too can be a part of reducing the stress on the environment while repairing the soil and creating the best organic fertilizer on the planet!

 

*Statistics from the USDA that are discussed in this post can be found at: https://www.usda.gov/oce/foodwaste/faqs.htm

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5 Things I Wish I Knew Before Starting Worm Composting

 Using worms for composting can be an amazing way to reduce your waste!  Worm composting not only puts your scraps to use but creates an amazing and organic fertilizer for your soil and gardens as well.

The thought of bringing “worms” into your home (or even outdoors) makes some people a bit squeamish.  I get it.  I was that person too.  I was petrified of worms invading my house, bringing in pests, smelling, or otherwise being a royal waste of time.

I researched the idea/concept of indoor worm composting for hours on end and I decided to take the leap.  I haven’t looked back since, I continue to grow my “collection” of worms and my passion is only amplified the longer I do this.

All of this being said, my perception of what this hobby would be like and the actual reality were quite different.  Let us look at some of the things I wish I knew before I started putting my worms to work.

  1. Starting Small and Cheap is the way to go

I had this big dream of producing buckets and buckets of castings every month.  I felt like due to my “research”, the only way to do this was to buy an expensive system.  Don’t get me wrong, I love all of my systems in their own ways, but the “simplicity” aspects of commercial systems aren’t always as advertised.

Later, I learned that some super cheap and DIY systems using Rubbermaid totes work just as well as the larger systems and would have probably been a good place to start.  If it hadn’t worked out for me I wouldn’t have been out quite so much money.  For $10-$15 dollars I could make my own bin.

2. You Don’t Always Have to Buy Your Worms

I bought my worms from a commercial company I found on Amazon.  For a pound of worms I paid roughly $40.  Not terrible, but I know now that it can often be easier to get worms from a friend, local garden club, or smaller companies that have better customer service and better prices.

I learned from my experiences on Facebook forums that many big commercial worm farmers don’t have “pure” breeds of worms and they short your order.  Who’s going to actually count 1,000 worms (1 pound) or think about throwing them on a scale when all they can think about it putting their new babies into the bins?

Worms I have bought since my initial investment have all been much healthier and purer breeds and when I weigh them, they are often even more generous than advertised.  As much as 1.5 pounds or 1,500 worms in an order.

I have given worms to many local friends I have met and I think this can be a great way to save money and meet friends that have similar interests to you.

3. Patience is Probably the Most Important Tip When Getting Started

Let’s face it, big dreams and your desire to try and reduce your waste overnight is super appealing.  I know when I started, I was stock-piling fruit and veggie scraps and loading my freezer down with a backlog.  I would break down when the freezer was busting at the seams and end up overfeeding.

Overfeeding is probably the biggest worm composting mistake.  So many problems stemmed from my inability to control my excitement.  I had systems flood out from all the water waste my scraps would release.  The bin would heat up and my worms would go running for the exits.  It caused me stress.

Starting worm composting brand new, you have to take into account the fact that microbial activity and breeding don’t happen overnight.  I could only realistically feed my 1,000 worms a cup a week when I began.  Keep in mind that once the worms start doing their thing, population booms and the system takes off.

Around the three month mark I noticed that my worms were managing my waste much quicker and the number of worms I had was going up noticeably.

All things worthwhile take time, right?  We have all heard it.  I wish I would have reminded myself of that early on.  I would have been much more successful in taking off had I not pushed the system and stressed the worms out.

4. The Worm Bin is an Ecosystem

Okay, I am the first to admit that I am a major nut when it comes to bugs.  Even the beneficial guys get wars waged against them in my house.  We had some ants one summer and I had the house bombed and invested in $60 monthly pest services the same day I spotted that one rogue ant.

That being said, I was quickly in for a rude awakening when it came to the “bug free” systems I imagined in my dreams.  Do not panic!  I was literally at the point where I was ready to dump the worms and quit the day that I spotted that first mite.  It’s normal to be caught off guard when you start seeing helpful additions to your worm bin.  Mites, pot worms, fruit flies, small beetles, and springtails have all made appearances in my bins.  Sometimes in large numbers.

These bugs have ZERO interest in leaving the buffet in front of them.  I have never seen a single mite or any other bug anywhere but in the bins.  As you learn more about the ecosystem of a worm bin you start to appreciate the whole process behind it.

Nearly all pests in a worm bin are simply helping the process along.  These small bugs help in the breakdown process of the food waste in the bin.  A worm bin is teeming with beneficial micro-organisms (most of which aren’t visible with the naked eye) and they are not in fact a nuisance, but a crucial player in a well-running system.

I won’t lie, I still get the creepy-crawlies on occasion when I have a boom of certain worm bin bugs but I am learning to appreciate each and every one of them.  You can manage the numbers of these pests with good worm bin maintenance, but I would never suggest freaking out or throwing in the towel because the ecosystem is working in your favor!

5. Worms Are Very Forgiving

If you are anything like me, you get your new babies into their home and the desire to check on them every 15 minutes is real deal.  I was obsessed.  I poked around multiple times a day, dug up food and re-buried it a hundred times over to see the progress.  I definitely inhibited the process for quite some time before I was able to resist the urge to make sure they were still alive 500 times a day.

I was reading everywhere that checking on them could do more harm than good.  I was told that digging around could damage the worms or trigger an exodus.  I was legitimately worrying constantly.  I even had frequent dreams about the worms (I know, I am quite the loony anomaly) you get my point.

I realize now, the longer that I do this, that worms are ultra-forgiving.  Worms are not the delicate creatures that some articles, blogs, or forums may make us think.  Through digging, overfeeding, a frightful day where I shoved frozen food in the bin… all of it, my worms flourished anyway.

I continue to dig through my bins at least once a week (per bin or system).  I turn the bedding up, handle the worms and continue to make mistakes… it happens.  I have yet to kill a single worm (to my knowledge) and my worm population keeps going up.  I raise 4 different types of worms and all of them are surviving the learning curve just fine.

The Takeaway:

There are lots of misconceptions and bad information out there.  There are many acceptable ways of handling your worm bins and I personally don’t consider any one way to be “best”.

The process of worm composting isn’t nearly as complicated as it sounds when you just start researching it.

  • You don’t need expensive systems!  Starting out with a DIY is a great way to test the waters before going all-in.
  • You don’t need to pay an arm and a leg for worms if it isn’t in your budget.  Ask around, order from small companies or just buy a few hundred worms to keep it all within a financially sound purchase.
  • With patience and time you will be processing loads of compost for the garden, so don’t rush it!  It CAN be frustrating, but when your worms start mating like crazy, you will be shocked what even a small system can do for you!
  • The Worm Bin is an ecosystem.  Learn to embrace it!  Don’t let the bugs freak you out.  There are very few bugs that should be considered a problem.  Observe the bin and you will soon realize that the worms play well with others.
  • Don’t worry about your worms too much, they can handle quite a bit!  I don’t suggest testing torture treatments on them, but even through trial and error, there isn’t much you can do that will truly hurt them.

Happy Worming!